End Point Security

Strengthening organizations against cyber threats with
advanced endpoint security measures.

Compromise Assessment

Comprehensive compromise assessments for proactive
detection and mitigation of security breaches.

Identity And Access Management

Enabling secure user access and data protection through
Identity and Access Management consulting.

Secure Infrastructure Deployment

Empowering organizations with secure infrastructure
design and deployment for robust data integrity.

Ransomware Readiness

Assessing and fortifying ransomware readiness to
minimize threats and enhance recovery strategies.

Purple Team Assessment

Fostering collaborative cybersecurity excellence
through defensive strategies and vulnerability identification.

Enterprise Incident Response

Minimizing damage and ensuring swift recovery with
strategic incident response consulting for enterprises.

Disaster Recovery as a service

Ensuring uninterrupted operations through proactive
disaster recovery consulting for businesses.

Data Migration

Seamless and secure data migration consulting for
efficient transitions with minimal disruption.

Data Recovery

Expert data recovery consulting for swift retrieval of
valuable information and minimal business disruption.

SOC Maturity Assessment

Enhancing cybersecurity readiness through comprehensive
SOC assessment consulting.

Digital Forensics Investigation

We specialize in uncovering, preserving, and securing digital evidence for aiding in cybercrime resolution.

IT Risk Management

Thorough IT Risk Management Assessment
for Nurturing Business Resilience

CCSS Compliance Audit

Assure regulatory alignment, fostering
market legitimacy and investor trust

ISO 22301 Compliance Audit

Advancing the Contemporary Business
Continuity Management process

ISO 27001 Compliance Auditing

Nurturing Maturity Across People,
Processes, and Technology

Cloud Adoption Framework

IT offers a structured plan for organizations to efficiently manage their cloud migration and usage strategies.

GDPR Compliance Audit

Ensures data privacy compliance, mitigates
risks, and enhance customer trust

PCI DSS Compliance Audit

Strengthen payment security, safeguarding
sensitive data & fosters customer confidence

HIPPA Compliance Consulting

Protect the security of healthcare information,
legal compliance, and fosters patient trust.

HITRUST Compliance Consulting

Improve healthcare cybersecurity, streamlines
risk management & boosts credibility

Virtual Data Protection Officer

Remote professional who provides expertise in data protection and compliance.

FINRA Compliance

Reinforces the integrity of financial services,
compliance & nurtures trust among investors.

Fair Risk Assessment

Quantify decision-making with FAIR framework
to assess and manage information risks.

CCPA Compliance Audit

Ensure transparent data handling, respects
consumer rights, and fortify data-driven trust

SOC2 Compliance Audit & Report

Validates operational quality, builds customer
trust & demonstrates dedication to data security

ISO 27701 Compliance Audit

Assesses an organization's adherence to the privacy information management standard.

Industries WeServe

Secure Source Code Review

We identify source code vulnerabilities, ensuring strong defense against critical attacks.

Spear Phishing Simulations

We check the awareness of the people
towards enterprise cyber security policies

Infrastructure Pentesting

Maturing organizational resilience by evaluating the security posture of IT infrastructure.

Mobile Application Pentesting

Strengthens mobile app security by addressing vulnerabilities and ensuring robust protection .

DevSecOps Solutions

Strengthening software development through security-focused testing in DevSecOps.

IOT Security Assessment

Strengthens IoT systems by vulnerability analysis & ensuring defense with hardcore pentesting

Red Team Operations Services

Simulating real-world APT attacks to evaluate an organization's security readiness .

Cloud Pentesting And Security

Ensuring the robustness of cloud infrastructure by pentesting and defending the cloud .

Web Application Pentesting

Detecting issues across various programming languages, frontend & backend environments

Blockchain Penetration Testing

Evaluating blockchain security via vulnerability testing to prevent potential breaches.

Web API Pentesting

Validate API design ,configuration and implementation according to security policies.

ICS SCADA Pentesting

We safeguards industrial control systems by identifying and fixing vulnerabilities 

Security Configuration Review

In-depth inspection of enterprise devices or applications to identify configuration weaknesses .

Thick client Security Assessment

Conducting security assessment of local and server-side processing and communication protocols

Web3 Penetration Testing

Securing Web3 by probing and addressing vulnerabilities in decentralized apps and protocols.
corporate services

Digital Forensics Investigation

Intelligence Driven Cyber Security Operations

What is Digital Forensics Investigation?

Digital Forensics in the use of scientifically derived and proven methods for the preservation, collection, validation, identification, analysis, integration, documentation and presentation of digital evidence. The evidence from many digital sources such as Wearable techs, mobile devices, hard drives, flash drives, memory sticks and magnetic tapes etc.

Digital Forensics serves as a supporting proof or corroborating evidence often made by prosecutors and defendants to refute a claim that a certain activity was done by a specific person using a piece of digital equipment. The most common use is to recover erased digital evidence to support or disprove a claim in court of law or in civil proceedings such as the discovery process in courts. Forensics is also used during internal corporate investigations or intrusion investigation, which includes additional activities like network and log review.

Certcube Labs has done extensive projects in digital forensics and has a dedicated team for carrying out these various activities. We have co-operated with law enforcement authorities in helping them to get leads in the forensics investigations and also played a vital part in internal corporate investigation for many of our clients. Our work ethics and quality deliverables have won accolades from many of our clients, and their testimonials are the strongest testimony to our professional and quality work deliverables. A representative list of some of the projects we have done are:

  • Analysis of dozens of hard drives and correlating them with financial documents to build a water-tight case of tax evasion, FEMA violations, disproportionate assets, etc. against the accused who was arrested on other grave charges. The evidence and reports provided by us enabled regulatory agencies to pursue multiple independent cases against the accused and law enforcement was able to file a 5000-page charge-sheet.
  • Analysis of server logs to determine a breach in one of the country’s main telecom firms done by hackers prior to Independence Day. Complete details of the steps taken by the hacker and the malware uploaded onto the servers were provided, along with detailed recommendations on how to ensure such an event doesn’t occur in the future.
  • Disk-based analysis to retrieve deleted files, email correspondence and Internet browsing history of the suspect and determine the exact nature of the financial fraud as well as determine the list of accomplices.
  • Analysis of smartphones and tablets to retrieve BB Messenger, WhatsApp, and SMS communication, empaneled by a multinational bank for all forensic cases in the Asia-Pacific region.


Digital footprint is the information about a person on the system, such as the webpages they have visited, when they were active, and what device they were using. By following the digital footprints, the investigator will retrieve the data critical to solving the crime case.

Cyber forensic investigators are experts in investigating encrypted data using various types of software and tools. There are many upcoming techniques that investigators use depending on the type of cybercrime they are dealing with. Cyber investigators’ tasks include recovering deleted files, cracking passwords, and finding the source of the security breach. Once collected, the evidence is then stored and translated to make it presentable before the court of law or for police to examine further. The role of cyber forensics in criminal offenses can be understood with a case study: cold cases and cyber forensics.


Client Consultation
Client Consultation

Initial Consultation

Certcube initiates the investigation by conducting a detailed consultation with the client. During this phase, they gather essential information about the case, including the nature of the incident, the type of digital devices involved, and the specific areas of concern.
Preservation of Evidence
Preservation of Evidence

Preservation of Evidence

The next crucial step is to ensure the preservation of digital evidence to maintain its integrity and prevent any tampering. Certcube uses industry-standard procedures and tools to create a forensic image or snapshot of the relevant digital devices, such as computers, smartphones, or servers.
Evidence Acquisition
Evidence Acquisition

Evidence Acquisition

The forensic images obtained from the digital devices are then carefully analyzed. Certcube uses specialized software and hardware to extract data from the forensic images, ensuring that the original evidence remains untouched.
Data Recovery and Analysis
Data Recovery and Analysis

Data Recovery and Analysis

During this stage, Certcube’s experts conduct an in-depth analysis of the acquired data. They examine files, documents, emails, chat logs, images, videos, and any other relevant information to uncover potential evidence related to the case.
Timeline Reconstruction
Timeline Reconstruction

Timeline Reconstruction

Certcube creates a chronological timeline of events based on the digital evidence found. This timeline helps in understanding the sequence of activities, interactions, or transactions that occurred during the incident.
Data Interpretation
Data Interpretation

Data Interpretation

The data analyzed during the investigation is interpreted and presented in a clear and organized manner. Certcube provides comprehensive reports detailing their findings, which can be used as admissible evidence in court.
Expert Testimony
Expert Testimony

Expert Testimony

In cases where the investigation leads to legal proceedings, Certcube’s experts are prepared to provide expert testimony in court. They explain their methodologies, findings, and the significance of the digital evidence discovered during the investigation.
Compliance and Chain of Custody
Compliance and Chain of Custody

Compliance and Chain of Custody

Throughout the investigation, Certcube ensures strict compliance with legal and industry standards. They maintain a detailed chain of custody to document the handling and transfer of digital evidence, ensuring its authenticity and admissibility in court.
Recommendations and Mitigation
Recommendations and Mitigation

Recommendations and Mitigation

Based on the investigation’s findings, Certcube may provide recommendations for strengthening digital security or preventing similar incidents in the future. They work closely with the client to implement appropriate mitigation measures.
Continuous Support
Continuous Support

Continuous Support

Certcube offers ongoing support and collaboration with the client, even after the investigation is completed. They are available to answer questions, provide additional insights, and assist with any further digital forensic needs.



Computer Forensic Investigation

Operating globally, Certcube Labs are the foremost computer forensics provider, assisting clients and law firms directly. Computer forensic investigations involve the extraction and analysis of electronically stored information (ESI) from devices such as desktop computers, laptops, tablets, and hard drives. The digital evidence recovered from these systems can be crucial to the outcome of corporate legal proceedings.

Our seasoned investigators are experts in the recovery, analysis and reporting of computer data, and adhere to CERT-IN & Cyber Law India guidelines. This ensures that any extracted data is forensically sound and can be used as admissible evidence in court.

Wearable Technology Investigations

The increasing popularity of wearable technology, particularly fitness trackers like Apple Watch, Fitbit, and Garmin, has opened up a new avenue for digital evidence in investigations. Certcube Labs digital forensic investigators can utilize the data collected by these devices, which includes daily steps, heart rate, GPS movement, and other information, to support civil or criminal fraud investigations. By analyzing the data from fitness trackers, investigators can observe the wearer’s activities and routines, providing evidence of changes in physical activities following an accident or proving the claimant’s presence in a different location. The data can also help reconstruct timelines of events. Moreover, as most activity trackers are linked to smartphones, mobile forensics can further corroborate the findings and expose any inconsistencies or fraudulent claims made during the investigation.

Audio & Visual Investigation

CCTV networks, cameras, smartphones all have the ability to capture terabytes of potential digital evidence. However, in many instances, this audio-visual digital evidence in its native format lacks clarity for use as admissible evidence. Evidence of this nature is heavily relied upon in court but often needs enhancing to ensure that it is clearly presented. Working with the latest audio-visual forensic technology, Certcube Labs provides a comprehensive enhancement service, allowing our experts to work from a variety of media to the highest possible standards.

Mobile Phone Investigation

Operating across the India and internationally, Certcube Labs digital forensic investigators are specialists in mobile phone investigations. We are instructed in numerous cases to preserve, extract, analyse and report digital evidence for use in corporate legal matters. Adhering to strict forensic methodology and regulatory guidelines, Certcube Labs ensure that any data extracted during a mobile phone investigation is forensically sound and can be used as admissible evidence in legal proceedings.

Employee Misconduct Investigations

Employees are often found to misuse their work devices, including personal communications and media access, including pornographic and/or illegal content. Our advanced digital forensics capabilities allow us to forensically acquire data and identify any non-work-related activities, providing a report of findings suitable for use in legal proceedings should it be required. Owing to our grounding in serious criminal matters, we are well-placed to document any pornographic activity and categorise this appropriately; including the grading of indecent images should it transpire that they are present on a device. We are also able to provide a stream-lined breakdown of internet activity logs, demonstrating whether pages are seemingly accessed manually by a user, or whether they are pop-ups or suggested pages.

Document Analysis & Authentication

Do you want to see when a document was really created, and by whom? Have you received communication that you don’t think is genuine? Has a document been edited to someone’s advantage? Certcube Labs ‘s Forensic Document Analysis & Authentication service can determine the legitimacy of emails, messages, computer files and electronic documents. With the application of advanced digital forensic techniques and metadata analysis, we can decipher the digital evidence you require for legal proceedings.

Social Media Investigations

Social media investigations involve a thorough analysis of an individual’s or organization’s social media accounts. These investigations are valuable for providing relevant information in various contexts such as court cases, background checks, establishing alibis, and supporting both civil and criminal investigations. The demand for social media investigations is growing, especially in cases requiring admissible evidence in legal matters. Additionally, businesses increasingly require these services for pre-employment screenings and internal investigations involving current or former employees. The purpose is to uncover specific evidence related to potential fraud, data theft, or gross misconduct within the organization.

Forensic Readiness Planning

Certcube Labs Forensic Readiness Plans are bespoke assessments written for your business needs. We will supply you with robust plans to ensure that you have a fully auditable trail for evidence collection in an incident, ensuring you are prepared. A plan contains recommendations to enable business continuity in the event of an incident whilst ensuring that vital evidence is retained so that a full forensic enquiry can be conducted. Reactive strategies can be slower and can eliminate vital evidence. Certcube Labs recognise that it is essential that you are immediately able to recover in the event of an incident but you also need to be able to investigate what happened and how it happened so that you can eliminate the possibility of any further problems and for compliance purposes. Without implementing a Forensic Readiness Plan you risk losing vital evidence during the recovery process. This potentially means that your systems remain at risk.

Data Preservation & Data Recovery

Data preservation is the first step in any forensic process. It can act two-fold; firstly, it can be used as evidence in court, and secondly, as a sound forensic base for any examination to be taken upon. Our powerful forensic processes include the preservation of both live and deleted data. Certcube Labs understand how important your data is and the wider commercial implications of data recovery, including the savings in cost and business disruption. With the use of advanced digital forensic techniques, our experts can extract and preserve data from all types of digital devices whilst preserving the integrity of the data held on the device. The data acquired can then be used evidentially in court, and if required, further analysis can be undertaken on the data, leading to a court-admissible forensic report of findings.

Senior Leaver - Confidential Information Removal

Certainly! Certcube Labs specializes in confidential information removal services for departing senior executives. When senior individuals leave a company, they might have access to sensitive and proprietary data, necessitating the need to ensure they no longer possess or can access such information. To address this, Certcube Labs follows a risk management protocol where all company devices provided to the departing executive are preserved and investigated. They employ forensic methods to acquire data from these devices and identify relevant documents that need to be deleted. Once their findings are documented, Certcube Labs permanently removes these files from the devices to prevent any chance of retrieval. Throughout the process, Certcube Labs maintains a detailed log of the deleted documents, noting the volume and nature of the data removed. If requested, they can provide copies of the relevant files to both parties involved in the matter, allowing the organization to retrieve their data while confirming that the information is no longer accessible on the examined devices.

White-Collar Crime & Regulatory Investigations

As industry-leading digital forensic experts, Certcube Labs have vast experience undertaking white-collar crime and regulatory investigations including instances of digital fraud. Our combined digital forensic and eDiscovery capabilities ensure that we provide a comprehensive investigative service. We are regularly instructed to assist law firms, businesses and private clientele with the identification and analysis of digital evidence. We provide tailored solutions and investigations for clients dealing with a full range of circumstances. Our digital forensic team are experts in identifying, preserving, analysing and presenting digital evidence.

Intellectual Property (IP) Theft

Intellectual property is often the distinguishable factor that helps a business to stand out amongst its competitors and is usually one of its most valuable assets, whether the data is trade secrets, a client database, confidential technical product information, or financial information. It can be critical to giving an organisation the competitive edge within its relevant market. If a competing organisation was to imitate a patented company design too closely or take possession of a companies’ IP, the damage could be tremendous. Intellectual property (IP) theft commonly occurs when an employee leaves a business to work for a rival, or to set up their own company. Certcube Labs frequently instructed by clients who have had company data stolen by current or former employees. We provide investigations in cases ranging from intellectual property theft, partnership and contract disputes, to whistleblowing matters. The extensive capabilities of our multi-disciplinary team of experts allow us to forensically investigate digital devices such as computers, mobile phones, hard drives and tablets within strict time frames to meet client requirements.

Cell Site Analysis

Cell Site Analysis is a crucial method used to establish the geographical location of a mobile phone during calls, SMS messages, or data transmissions. It has become indispensable in civil and criminal investigations due to the widespread usage of mobile phones worldwide. The evidence obtained through Cell Site Analysis is admissible in court and can be particularly valuable when individuals possess multiple mobile phones. By combining Cell Site Analysis data with other sources like CCTV footage, call records, or observations, investigators can determine whether the accused was present at a crime scene or confirm an alibi. The analysis can also track the movement of a mobile phone, creating a detailed timeline of its locations. Certcube Labs’ cell site experts rely on data from mobile phone service providers to create comprehensive coverage maps. These maps show the service areas of individual cell sites using various formats like aerial photography, street maps, and OS ranges.

Expert Witness Service

As digital forensic professionals, we are frequently called upon by courts of law to provide expert witness testimonies within legally aided and civil dispute matters. In this capacity, we may be instructed by the defence or prosecution in criminal and fraud cases or, in the case of civil litigation, the legal team for the claimant or the respondent. There are also instances in which the court may instruct a Certcube Labs expert witness to act as the Single Joint Expert (SJE) in order to prepare a report on behalf of two or more of the parties. Certcube Labs investigators are consummate professionals, providing independent and objective reports on whatever case they may handle. If required to support their investigation in a court of law, this professionalism is carried through to any evidence given. All Certcube labs investigators receive regular courtroom training provided by one of the leading companies in the India.

Frequently Asked Questions

Can you elucidate the complexities involved in packet capture and deep packet inspection techniques, as well as the utilization of network flow analysis to reconstruct cyberattack scenarios and trace malicious activity through network traffic patterns?
Network forensics delves into the complexities of packet capture and deep packet inspection techniques. It leverages network flow analysis to reconstruct cyberattack scenarios and trace malicious activity through intricate network traffic patterns. This aids in identifying attack vectors and uncovering the tactics employed by threat actors.
Can you explain the intricacies of file system forensics and how it facilitates the reconstruction of file structures, deleted files recovery, and file metadata analysis to establish a comprehensive digital trail in an investigation?
File system forensics involves the meticulous analysis of file structures, recovering deleted files, and scrutinizing file metadata. This process is essential for establishing a comprehensive digital trail in an investigation, enabling the reconstruction of file activities and user interactions.
Can you elaborate on the intricacies of mobile device forensics, including the challenges of extracting and analyzing data from encrypted devices, secure messaging applications, and cloud-based storage, to obtain critical evidence in investigations involving mobile devices?

Manufacturers often need to comply with industry-specific standards such as ISO 27001 for information security and IEC 62443 for industrial control systems security.

How are digital signatures and cryptographic techniques employed in Digital Forensic Investigation to verify the integrity of seized electronic evidence and validate the authenticity of digital artifacts, ensuring their admissibility in court proceedings?
Digital signatures and cryptographic techniques are integral to Digital Forensic Investigation. They are used to verify the integrity of seized electronic evidence, ensuring that it has not been tampered with. Additionally, these methods validate the authenticity of digital artifacts, enhancing their admissibility in court proceedings.
How does advanced memory forensics play a crucial role in Digital Forensic Investigation, enabling the extraction of volatile data from RAM to uncover evidence of running processes, malware, and system state at the time of an incident?
Advanced memory forensics is pivotal in Digital Forensic Investigation as it allows for the extraction of volatile data from RAM. This aids in uncovering evidence related to active processes, rootkits, malware, and system state, offering critical insights into the incident’s timeline and impact.

Can you describe the role of volatile and non-volatile data in Digital Forensic Investigation and the complexities involved in preserving, collecting, and analyzing both types of data sources to gain a holistic view of an incident?
Volatile and non-volatile data play essential roles in Digital Forensic Investigation. Preserving, collecting, and analyzing both types of data sources is complex but necessary to gain a holistic view of an incident. Volatile data, residing in RAM, provides real-time insights, while non-volatile data on storage devices offers historical information, ensuring a comprehensive investigation approach.